Lebanon and the need for a new social contract
By Abbas Murad
(See translation in Arabic section)
Killing the idea of the homeland and building the state is based on restoring the peoples to their instincts and their primary identities in terms of tribal, regional, regional, sectarian and sectarian affiliation, etc., and this is what we see in the electoral discourse of the Lebanese tribes and peoples that duel in this race.
It was the civil war that began in 1975 and did not stop as it took various forms after the Taif Agreement, which did not produce any good for this people except the systematic self-destruction of society, which reached the lowest level financially, economically, culturally and socially...
Civil wars throughout history and in all countries do not produce a victor, and there are countries that left the dark history of their civil wars in order to build a better future for their people, and succeeded in building countries and democracies, for example, Spain and South Africa, even the sponsor of destructive chaos, which it calls constructive chaos, meaning the United States The United States itself is one of the examples in which a civil war took place and overcame it to build one of the most powerful countries.
There is no doubt that the international powers or the dominant central countries invest in strife in the countries of the parties and in several ways, whether by violence and aggression or by siege and restriction and in cooperation with segments of the people of those countries that find that their narrow personal interest takes precedence over the higher national interest, knowing that this serves the interest of The dominant states that finance and fuel these conflicts in order to stabilize and promote their interests at the expense of the peoples of the targeted countries. Returning to Lebanon, whatever the outcome of the Lebanese elections, in which electoral money plays a prominent and essential role, along with the movement of some ambassadors who enter into the details of the electoral campaign and the regulations of a group of Lebanese raising the slogan of national sovereignty. This reminds us of the time of Syrian tutelage, to the extent that the matter has reached the moral assassination of Prime Minister Saad Hariri, one of yesterday’s allies or the spearhead of it, through his obscenity and his political current through a media campaign launched by Saudi newspapers or Lebanese journalists close to the Kingdom, because of his reluctance to participate in the elections or through instructing To his supporters to support the regulations recommended by those embassies.
The process of sectarian or sectarian mobilization does not at all reflect a healthy state of the so-called Lebanese democracy, which is originally considered a lame democracy, bearing several names, including consociationalism, this democracy whose role ends before or after vote counting begins, where sectarian, sectarian or “charter” norms that transcend The constitution and institutions have the upper hand and the final decision.
Finally, the argument of the strongest in his sect emerged to make democracy worse, and the tribal conflict began to take on another dimension and perpetuate the idea of systematic division under labels and slogans, including implicit and declared ones, and it has nothing to do with building the state, but rather it contributes to striking and disrupting the idea of homeland and citizenship. .
Lebanon, which is on the line of geological earthquakes, is subject today to the game of regional and international interactions, and the most dangerous thing in the matter is that the team that has brought the country to collapse during the past thirty years is trying to ride the wave of reform and revolution and drag the country into alliances and dependencies that make Lebanon an easy prey in the mouth of those stalking the Lebanese water, oil and other resources, after The country went bankrupt and did not even provide personal deposits to citizens.
Sectarianism and political sectarianism in its Maronite, Sunni, Shiite or Druze version have failed miserably, and there is no room for arrogance and patching up, so frankness is the shortest way to reconciliation between the Lebanese tribes and peoples that inherit leadership from father to son and then grandson to rotate over the rule of the peoples who She reacts to her nervousness, even at the expense of her livelihood, her future, and the future of the country.
Therefore, we in Lebanon are in dire need of a new social contract that rekindles the spirit of the idea of the homeland that has been afflicted with the incurable disease of national hypocrisy, and to establish values and national identity so that it is the ship of salvation and not fall into the unknown.